Mice have a high reproductive capability; only two mice can quickly grow into more than 50 mice in just under four months. It is a fact attributed to the fast maturity rate of the mice where a female mouse is sexually mature when only a month old.
Mice tend to live a life of secrecy doing their best to stay hidden and out of sight even when searching for food during the day or night. They establish trails around their environment, which they feel are safe and follow these paths when searching for food. The number of babies a female mouse can produce and the number of times she gives birth can be influenced by various factors such as the condition of the surrounding environment, the safety of their habitat, and availability of food. Nevertheless, mice will often produce not less than three to five babies irrespective of prevailing conditions.
A sexually mature female mouse can give birth to an average of 7 pups per litter and produce an average of 8 - 10 litters per years. These numbers can be more if the conditions are favorable for the mice to breed. The pups develop quickly becoming of age and ready to breed within 30 days after birth. The lifespan of a mouse is around a year a pair of mice can produce hundreds of mice within a year.
The gestation period is around 20 days, but this can be longer (27 days) if the mother is nursing another litter. The mother is ready to carry another pregnancy around two days after giving birth. This goes to show that mice can breed every month and with a litter having seven or more babies, just two mice and be responsible for having a mice infestation in your home.
The pups are born hairless, blind, and deaf. They start growing far and showing other developmental changes three days after birth. The pups can walk and eat solid food within 14 days and will be fully mature to reproduce within the next two weeks.
How To Stop Mice From Multiplying
If left unchecked, mice can reproduce at an exponential rate with their numbers reaching epidemic proportions. Taking a prevent measure the best approach to dealing with mice. So, do your best to keep them out of your house. If the do get in, make conditions hard from the to breed. Cut all source of food and water, place traps around your home and call an exterminator if things seem to get out of hand.